Special stage rallies
These are usually more expensive to compete in than road rallies, with more emphasis upon car preparation, speed and driver ability, rather than navigational skills. Most famous rallies are special stage events, like the WALES RALLY GB, the UK round of the FIA WORLD RALLY CHAMPIONSHIP.
On a STAGE RALLY, the basis of such events - the special stage - is a stretch of road closed to all other traffic. On these sections the average speed will be set quit high by the organisers.
Single venues, as the title implies, take part in one place; a disused airfield, a motor racing circuit; an industrial complex. If on private property & allowed in the event regulations, the competing cars may not be taxed for the public highway.
Forest stage rallies, take place within a forest complex, usually but not always owned by the Forestry commission. Linking the special stages can be sections of the public highway, where the average speed is set at 30 mph or below. Because of these links sections, all vehicles must be fully road legal.
All competing vehicles on any type of Rally will have to pass scrutineering, to ensure they comply with motorsport legislation. However, due to changes in law by an act of parliament, in Northern Ireland, The Channel islands, The Isle of Man & Scotland, public roads may be closed to public transport, (Involving consultation with Local authorities, the Police, local landowners to name a few) allowing CLOSED ROAD SPECIAL STAGES to be run on normal roads, albeit with very strict controls in place. To have Closed Roads you had to have an Act of Parliament. Brian Molyneux and his team from Blackburn based 2300 club spent many months of hard work to get an act through parliament, and the Strathclyde Confirmation Act 1990 reached the Statute Book on March 27th 1990. The first closed road rally on the U.K. mainland was held on the Island of Mull in October 1990. The Island has been hosting a closed road special stage rally, every October since.
Stage rallies are the basis for WRC and professional rallying. The emphasis of stage rallies is on SPEED and driving ability. NAVIGATION of such events is based heavily on PACENOTES.
Stage rallies evolved from Road Rallies - motor rallies in the early days were all road rallies, but gradually they started to incorporate the idea of a "special stage", which would consist of a competitive section off the public road or with some other unique quality. More and more of these special stages were added to get around the increasing number of restrictions about what could be allowed on the public road, and eventually the entire sport evolved into the two separate forms that exist today